Infertility is not always a woman's problem. Both men and women contribute to infertility. Many couples struggle with infertility and seek help to become pregnant; however, it is often thought of as only a women’s condition.
Causes of infertility for men
Infertility in men can be caused by different factors and is typically evaluated by a semen analysis. A specialist will evaluate the number of sperm (concentration), motility (movement), and morphology (shape). A slightly abnormal semen analysis does not mean that a man is necessarily infertile. Instead, a semen analysis helps determine if and how male factors are contributing to infertility.
Conditions that can contribute to abnormal semen analyses include:
- Varicoceles, a condition in which the veins on a man’s testicles are large and cause them to overheat. The heat may affect the number or shape of the sperm.
- Medical conditions or exposures such as diabetes, cystic fibrosis, trauma, infection, testicular failure, or treatment with chemotherapy or radiation.
- Unhealthy habits such as heavy alcohol use, testosterone supplementation, smoking, anabolic steroid use, and illicit drug use.
- Environmental toxins including exposure to pesticides and lead.
Male Infertility Disorder
Infertility affects an estimated 15% of couples globally, amounting to 48.5 million couples. Male infertility is a global population health concern. Males are found to be solely responsible for 20-30% of infertility cases and contribute to 50% of cases overall.
The study calculated data showed that the distribution of infertility due to male factor ranged from 20% to 70% and that the percentage of infertile men ranged from 2·5% to 12%. Infertility rates were highest in Central/Eastern Europe and Middle East. Additionally, according to a variety of sources, rates of male infertility in North America, Australia, and Central and Eastern Europe varied from 4 5-6%, 9%, and 8-12%, respectively
According to the study results, at least 30 million men worldwide are infertile with the highest rates in Eastern Europe and Middle East.
Affecting around 7% of male population around the globe in 2019, male infertility is a topic that shall be seriously taken into account by Government Bodies with appropriate communication according to Doctor Kalys. It is expected to be 7,2% in 2020.
Last update 10/09/2019