The neurology is the branch of medicine that has the main objective of studying and treating the different disorders and diseases of the nervous system. It is important to highlight that the nervous system is very complex because it is composed of all the organs and structures that regulate and coordinate the body activities, so its study is complex too.
A neurologist can treat the symptoms of cerebrovascular diseases (like strokes), chronic disease, demyelinating diseases (like multiple sclerosis), movement disorders (like Parkinson's disease), infections (in both central and peripheral nervous system), neurodegenerative disorders (like Alzheimer's disease and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis), speech and language disorders, seizures (including the epilepsy) and spinal cord disorders (both degenerative and traumatic).
However, it is very important to highlight that a neurologist can treat these conditions medically, but he/she does not perform surgeries, the specialist in performing nervous system surgeries is called neurosurgeon (please follow the link to read on Neurosurgery Consultation).
What Is a Neurology Consultation?
A neurology consultation is defined by the European Academy of Neurology as the meeting or appointment between a neurologist and a patient who needs a proper diagnosis, management, or treatment of conditions that affect the nervous system.
How Must I Prepare for a Neurology Consultation?
Before a neurology consultation, the patient doesn't need a specific preparation; however, he/she must bring to the consultation all the necessary medical records and prior neurologic tests (like an EEG, TAC or other image tests) to put the doctor in context and to avoid performing again some tests without needing them.
What to Expect at a Neurology Consultation?
People usually don’t know what to expect at a neurology consultation. However, when the consultation will be performed for the first time, the patient must complete his/her medical history, so the doctor will know if the patient suffers from any disease that might affect the brain or may be causing the symptoms, if the patient has some genetic predisposition to suffer a neurologic disease (knowing the familiar medical history), or if he/she is using certain medication that might affect the brain.
The doctor will also ask about the patients' lifestyle, daily habits, diet, exercising and even profession, to determine the predisposition to high-stress levels and other risk factors for neurologic disease.
The patient must also expect at a neurology consultation that the doctor will examine his/her mental status, speech, vision, strength, coordination, reflexes and different types of sensation (including the ability to feel pain, differentiate cold and heat and feel vibrations). Likewise, the neurologist can perform some tests like EEG to completely evaluate the brain’s function.
Finally, the neurologist can ask for other specialized image tests or procedures to confirm the diagnosis if it is not clear. Among the most common tests that can be required by a neurologist, a cerebrospinal fluid study, TAC and MR can be included.
The patient can also expect at a neurology consultation that the neurologist determines the best way of treatment for his/her disease or condition, which can include changes in the lifestyle, medical treatment, invasive devices (like a cerebral valve) and complex surgeries (like a tumor extraction or drainage of a cerebral hematoma). However, as it was said before, the surgical procedures are recommended by the neurologist but performed by a neurosurgeon.
The patient can also expect at a neurology consultation that the doctor performs the check-ups after the surgeries that were performed by neurosurgeons. In other terms, the neurologist will evaluate the post-surgical patient's nervous system function.
The results of a neurology consultation will vary from a patient to another. The patient must expect at a neurology consultation to receive the doctor's indications, but it is important to know that those patients who undergo a routine checkup usually just need to take certain medication or change some lifestyle aspects. However, those patients who are referred by a general physician because he/she suspects a neurological disease may need a more aggressive treatment.
How Much Does a Neurology Consultation Cost?
The cost of a neurology consultation will widely vary according to the urgency of the consultation, the patient's general health condition, the number of consults needed, the treatment that the patient will need for his/her condition, if the consultation is performed before a surgery or it is just a checkup, among others. Likewise, the cost of a neurology consultation can vary between cities and countries.
So, if you need to visit a neurologist and you need to know the cost of his/her consultations or want to find the best neurologist abroad, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org and we will gladly answer all your questions.