A Shoulder Arthroplasty or Shoulder Replacement is a common orthopedics procedure for treating the severe pain and stiffness that often result at the end stage of various forms of arthritis or degenerative joint disease of the shoulder joint.
Your surgeon will perform the procedure by separating the deltoid and pectoral muscles, accessing the shoulder in a largely nerve-free area. The rotator cuff will be opened by cutting one of the anterior rotator cuff muscles allowing the surgeon to view and manipulate the arthritic parts of the shoulder ball and socket. After the arthritic sections have been removed, the surgeon inserts the implant socket, ball, and stem components, closes and stitches the rotator cuff muscle, and stitches and cleans the incision, after which a bandage is applied as a temporary covering.
Your surgeon will also recommend the shoulder implant, prothesis usually made of a metal ball that rests against a plastic socket.