Dentistry is one of the branch of medicine which is made of the study, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases, disorders and other conditions that affect the oral cavity, usually in the teeth, but also on the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, in particular most especially in the maxillofacial region (jaw and face). Although the field of dentistry or dental medicine is primarily related to teeth in the general public, it is not limited to teeth but also includes other aspects of the craniofacial complex, including the temporomandibular joint and other supporting, muscular, lymphatic, nervous, vascular, and anatomical structures.

Dentists today are very sophisticated health professionals who offer a wide range of oral health services which have been found to play a crucial role in the overall health and quality of life of their patients. Dentists are at the top of new developments when it comes to dental implants, computer-generated imaging, and cosmetic (cosmetic dentistry category) and aesthetic procedures among others.

Dentists play a key role in the early detection of oral cancer and systemic conditions which becomes noticeable in the mouth. They can also be the first to be in contact in the event of a serious health condition.

Progresses in dental Research, including genetic engineering, the discovery of the relationship that exists between oral and systemic diseases, the development of saliva diagnostics and the continuous development of new materials and techniques, all of this together makes dentistry a fascinating, challenging and rewarding profession.

Some dental procedures are listed below:

1. All-on-4 Dental Implant

All-on-4 implants are a permanent set of fabricated teeth made on dental implants that are surgically placed into the jaw. They look, feel and work like natural teeth.

Below are some characteristics of All-on-4 Dental Implants:

  • They are permanent teeth which can be brushed and subjected to cleaning just like the natural teeth
  • There is no need to take them out
  • There is no need for adhesives
  • They are comfortable and this is due to the fact that they do not press down on the gums
  • Allow you to feel hot and cold food as well as the taste
  • Enables biting with increased force (up to 70% more) so you can eat all your favorite foods
  • Prevent bone deterioration
  • Restores the features of the face

The difference between all-on-4 implants and dentures is the permanent solution for the missing or teeth that are seriously damaged. They are fixed directly into your jaw so they look, feel and work just like the natural teeth.

2. Restorative dentistry

"Restorative Dentistry" is the term used by dental practitioners to explain how they replace missing or damaged teeth. Fillings, crowns (“caps), bridges and implants are the common restorative options. The aim and objective of this procedure are to rejuvenate the lost natural smile and prevent future oral health problems.

Why are restorative dentistry procedures so important?

  • Filling of the spacious holes in the mouth helps to maintain the proper alignment of the teeth
  • Tooth replacement helps maintain good oral care habits and helps prevent plaque accumulation and the problems that plaque can cause
  • Missing teeth can affect the health, appearance, and self-esteem of an individual.

Restorative Dentistry Treatment Options


Of the most common way used by dentists to treat cavity is by removing the decay and fill the tooth by making use of one or several available different materials. These fillers include gold, porcelain, silver amalgam (which consists of mercury mixed with silver, tin, zinc, and copper), tooth-colored plastic or composite resin.

Tooth restoration options

When taking a decision on a strategy for restorative dentistry, there is a need to put into consideration two factors which are the physical and fiscal factors, including your health, and your budget. A lot of dentists that are into restorative dentistry will try, if possible, to preserve natural teeth before using full or partial dentures in order to avoid regular removal and cleaning of the device on a regular basis. However, there are some cases where full or partial dentures are the better option in the event that you have several missing teeth and you are not an ideal candidate for dental implants because of other health problems.


The dental implant can be defined as an artificial tooth root located in the jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge. Dental implants are often considered to be the best alternative for individuals who have lost a tooth or teeth because of health conditions such as periodontal disease, injury, or some other reason.


1. Endosteal (in the bone): Endosteal is considered to be the most commonly used type of implant. The different types include screws, cylinders or blades which are placed surgically in the jawbone. Each one of the implants holds one or more prosthetic teeth. This type of implant is generally used as an option to bridge patients or removable dentures.

2. Subperiosteal (on the bone): These are positioned at the top of the jaw with the metal framework's posts protruding through the gum to hold the prosthesis. These types of implants are used for patients who cannot carry conventional dentures and possess a minimum bone height.

Dental implants can be used to replace one tooth, multiple teeth or sets of upper and/or lower teeth. In the event that you need to restore a full arch, you may be an ideal candidate for all-on-four treatment.

What are the Benefits of Dental Implants?

Dental implants have many advantages which are listed below:

1. Helps in the improvement of appearance. There are no obvious differences between dental implants and teeth as they are both alike. And because they are designed to connect with the bone, they become durable.

2. Enhanced speech. With poorly customizable prostheses, teeth may slip into your mouth, which leads to the formation of a speech that is not cleared or slur your words. Dental implants assist you in talking absent the fear that your teeth might slip.

3. Improved comfort. Because they later become part and parcel of your body, implants get rid of the discomfort which is caused by removable dentures.

4. Make eating easier. Sliding dentures can make chewing very hard. Dental implants work like your teeth, allowing you to eat your favorite food with confidence and without pain.

5. Improved self-esteem. Dental implants can give you a smile and help you feel better.

4. Inlays and Onlays

Sometimes a tooth suffers damage (for example, it can occur as a result of decay) this seems to be too broad to be treated using a simple filling but it is not extensive to require a full-coverage crown. In these cases, the best option for tooth restoration can be inlay or onlay.

Inlay and onlays are considered to be "indirect" filling, i.e. they are made outside of the mouth (usually in the dental laboratory), then they attached to the tooth by the dentist. This is in contrast to the "direct" filling, which during a visit to the dental office is applied directly to the cavity.

An indirect filling is known to be an "inlay" when it is inserted into small points or "cusps" of a back (premolar or molar) tooth. It is an "onlay" if it covers one or more of these cusps. In both cases, the procedure for placing an inlay or onlay is the same

The first steps in getting an inlay or onlay are numbing the tooth and the surrounding area by making use of local anesthetic and then eliminate decay. This has been done to prevent decay, which is actually the type of infection, from progressing deeper into the tooth.

Once the tooth is prepared, the impression it is made (either digitally or with a putty-like material) and sent to the dental laboratory. There, the impression is used to create a model of your tooth for making your inlay/onlay. The final restoration can be made of gold or ceramics or a tooth-colored ceramic or resin.

Before you get out of your doctor’s office, a temporary filling will be attached to your tooth to protect it until the final reconstruction is ready. In a second visit, a permanent inlay/onlay will be attached to your tooth with either a resin that is hardened when exposed to a special light source or a kind of permanent cement.

Both the inlays/onlays are durable, last long, and they need a little level of maintenance than some other types of the tooth.  Carefully brush every day and dental cleaning, as well as regular professional cleaning in the dental office, all you need to make sure your restoration will last for years.

Dentistry as a branch of medicine plays an important role mostly when it comes to taking care of teeth. The fact remains that the field of dentistry or dental medicine is not limited to teeth but includes other aspects of the craniofacial complex including the temporomandibular joint and other supporting, muscular, lymphatic, nervous, vascular, and anatomical structures. With advancement in research dental treatments which are available in the market include, maxillofacial surgery, nobel biocare implant, orthodontist consultation, periodontal surgery, pulpotomy and restorative dentistry among others.