What is actually a dental bone graft?
Bone graft a new process in which patient can undergo a procedure which will fill up the length of the jaw line. It’s a surgical procedure implemented within teeth bone. In common words, dental bone grafting is known as transplanting of teeth. In this process recovery of bone tissue is taken place, and sometimes new bone is injected in case of any trauma or problem. It can be in used when any implantation devices like plating occur. It maintains teeth structure and brings them in the same shape. It filled the empty spaces, and soon patient will have stability in teeth. Dental bone grafting feed framework.
Dental grafting is not only one type. Further, you will learn more types and different procedures. Dental bone grafting depends on the type of teeth injury according to that repairing will occur.
Why worry about bone?
Bone is placed in a metal post into a jawbone is used as a supporter or an anchor on top of which a crown plate or tooth is positioned. When this procedure is done, the primary objective is to make teeth flexible and fortify its stability by feeding an Osseo integrated within the bone so that it could be as strong as other muscles are to support tooth on the top of it.
Care must be ensured for its stability and strength because it is essential to have sufficient bone around the implantation area. While implanting a tooth, it is checked to have enough volume of bone around its height, width, and depth.
Why consider bone grafting?
The tooth is being extracted due to some problems like some injuries or trauma. The easiest and only way is to restore your tooth. This can be possible by having dental bone grafting procedure implanted on your tooth. It is the easiest way rather losing your more teeth. Restoring ensure your tooth stability and maintain facial bone structure, provide somehow, which is important. In this procedure your teeth’s must be close to each other with a perfect dimension and position for optimal result.
This jaw and bones carry your muscle and reinforce your skin that is accountable for facial put on. Without braces or underpinning of underlying bone, a face will be looked like a prematurely aged.
• Before surgical treatment started, the doctor will do all required medical test and once lookup history to check if the patient has been on medication before. It is important that patient fortified without hesitation if any medication he/she is taken, or addicted to any drugs.
• It’s necessary to fast before surgery. This is because the patient should be taken away as many complications as possible like anesthesia.
• Follow all instruction given to you. Instruction should be by days or a week.
1. The little/small bone graft
In case having imperfect dimensions and volume, teeth can create the problem during surgery. In that situation, there are a couple of ways to fortified that tooth height and width remain as remaining teeth. The dentist or oral surgeon will remove the damaged part and conserve the bone with a simple bone graft. In this procedure, salt is removed, and pure, sterile human bone granules are infused into the tooth socket immediately to prevent harm after tooth extraction. The smallest parts or pellets are then covered with a protective collagen membrane and few stitches to clothe blood and close the tooth socket. This procedure is kind of neat and straightforward and doesn't add time to recovery. Later, gradually patient will notice that his bone is filled with a complete tooth socket and has preserved height and width.
In the case of missing tooth, if a patient tried to have any dental implant or will replace the area with the bridge, tooth level will remain unequal and can lose levels within the time.
2. Medium bone graft
Sometimes the tooth is removed yearly just like aged people. This is due to some bone loss which prevents a restoration of that area. In these cases, bone grafting is needed but on the next level, Medium Bone Grafting.
The area is already opened with a small incision this field is first filled up. Some doctors preferred to use bone of the patient in the procedure to cure with optimal result. Sometimes the bone is taken from wisdom tooth area. The process is natural, and of few minutes, the oral surgeon will not take large granules of bone but clean tiny pellets and combine them with sterile bone. Again, a special membrane and suture are used to protect the graft to prevent excess flow of blood. After few month bones grafting area will intermix with surrounded bone tissue and build up certain height and width, and finally, restoration can be made a delicate procedure.
3. Big Bone Graft
Tooth losses begin from a long time, those patient experience some premature bone loss which prevents enough restoration of the teeth. During destroying wearers, lower jaws withdraw so often that they are then unable to be restored. The jaw bone becomes like a pencil knob. It gets a problem to fix denture successfully and don’t have sufficient space for any implantation. Large-scale bone grafting is essential to achieve restoration correctly. In this procedure, the sterile bone and the bone of that patient, both of them are brought in a process to create a jaw bone and design correct height and width.
The maxillary sinuses are the hollow cavity which is up to the molars in the upper jaws. Maxillary sinus usually starts to dip down to lower side when teeth are lost, and missing tooth is then end up with a decaying like the eggshell bone between gums and sinuses. Then new implantation can’t take place in a hollow cavity, so it’s better to have bone grafting as it raises the ground to the floor of sinus and rises depth and width of the bone. This procedure usually called “sinus lift.” In this system, an infusion is made in the gum tissue to open a small window into the maxillary sinus cavity. Sinus membrane then lining up sinus wall is separated and lifted. Those sticky two bone are packed into the new space between the sinus membrane and the bone of sinus. When the desired thickness is reached at that time a layer is placed to guard the newly formed bone. Window and gum tissue is to close with sutures. This procedure is long among all as it takes almost 4-5 months in healing up before a new implantation can be done in the bone.
Potential risks and complications
Scientifically all procedure has some risks and complications, so a Bone Graft. The risk could be related more bleeding, cured infection, and reactions to anesthesia. Bone grafts bring these types of risks and other complications, including:
• Nerve injury
• Rejection of the bone graft
• Reabsorption of the graft
Precaution is always given to patients in the case to minimize these risks
Every patient is informed about risks he would suffer during bone grafting process; in that case, medication is provided. While promoting, they do tell about risks and complications in a jaw. Many time it happened that surgery or an infusing may occur for prevention. Some may be very much severe and affect to the unexpected result. For this cure, some additional surgery is added to cure these complications.
Some possible complications include:
• Allergic reaction
• Development of respiratory problems
• Ectopic or/and exuberant bone formation (abnormal bone formation)
• Edema (swelling)
• Erythematous tissue (redness of skin caused by dilation)
• Fetal development complications
• Hematoma (clotted blood)
• Incision complications
• Scar formation
• Tissue or nerve damage
In sporadic cases it happens that further more issues occur after surgery, and then it’s better to contact your doctor immediately.
Bone graft cost
Cost varies level to level depending on patient case and condition of a jawbone. Simple one grafting is cheap associated with sterilized and demineralization bone of cadaver or animal or synthetic bone that cost around $300 and $1200 for an implant a target area. Oppositely, when a procedure is completed with all stages, using patient’s bone material, a patient needs to be hospitalized for a short time of period. Further, this system requires an orthodontic surgeon and an anesthesia logistics in a case of some emergency, and that increase your cost to $2500 till $3500. These are just general estimation that depends on patient factors. The overall patient should estimate more than amount told, adding insurance considering dental implantation procedure and bone grafting.
Additional cost like a cost of full mouth x-rays to CT-scans and other procedure that would be held. This bone grafting would cost over $250-$1000. In the case of further help, it’s good to contact with your oral surgeon.
Last update 2nd of November 2018