According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are the main cause of death worldwide (31% of all global deaths). Likewise, approximately 37% of premature deaths are caused by CVDs.
Most cardiological diseases can be prevented, and this prevention is encouraged by a general physician. However, once a disease has affected the heart, the patient must visit a cardiologist to obtain the best treatment for his/her condition.
A cardiologist is a doctor who focuses on diagnosing and treating all the diseases and disorders that affect the heart directly or as a complication.
WHAT IS A CARDIOLOGY CONSULTATION AND WHO SHOULD HAVE IT?
A cardiology consultation is defined by experts as a meeting between the patients and a cardiologist, which has the main objective of diagnosing and treating cardiac diseases, establishing lifestyle plans to prevent a heart condition from getting worse or make the recovery process faster.
Likewise, older people or patients with a lot of risk factors to develop a heart disease must constantly go to cardiology checkups to prevent heart diseases and get educated by the doctor about having a healthy lifestyle, study the functioning of the heart and detect any abnormality on time.
In fact, not only patients who have been diagnosed with any medical condition must undergo a cardiology consultation, many of them undergo this kind of consultations as a preventive measure. Likewise, before any surgery, the patient must be studied by a cardiologist to discard any heart condition that might cause complications during the procedure.
HOW MUST I PREPARE BEFORE A CARDIOLOGY CONSULTATION?
Before a cardiology consultation, the patient doesn't need a specific preparation; however, he/she must bring to the consultation all the necessary medical records and prior cardiac tests (like an EKG or a cardiac ultrasound) to put the doctor in context and to avoid performing again some tests.
HOW IS A CARDIOLOGY CONSULTATION PERFORMED?
People who undergo a cardiology consultation for the first time must complete their medical history, so the doctor can know if they suffer from any disease that might affect the heart or may be causing the symptoms, if they have some genetic predisposition to suffer a cardiac disease (knowing the familiar medical history), or if they are using certain medication that might affect the heart.
The doctor will also ask about the patients' lifestyle, daily habits, diet, exercising and even profession to determine the predisposition to high-stress levels.
The doctor will listen with the stethoscope the heartbeats and will feel the area over the heart to detect any abnormality in the cardiac cycle. Likewise, he/she can perform some tests like EKG and cardiac ultrasound (also called echocardiography) to completely evaluate the heart function.
Finally, the cardiologist can ask for other specialized image tests or procedures to confirm the diagnosis if it is not clear. Among the most common tests that can be required by a cardiologist a cardiac angiography (please follow the link tor eqd more on Angiography) and a stress testing can be included.
A cardiologist also can determine the best way of treatment for each patient, which can include changes in the lifestyle, medical treatment, invasive devices (like a pacemaker) and complex surgeries (like the repair of heart valves or a heart transplant). However, some of these procedures are recommended by the cardiologist but performed by a cardiovascular surgeon.
WHAT IS A CARDIOLOGY SURGERY CONSULTATION?
The cardiology surgery consultation is defined by The American College of Cardiology as the meeting between the patient and the cardiac surgeon before performing a cardiac invasive procedure or surgery.
Some procedures can be performed by a qualified cardiologist, but most cardiac surgeries must be performed by a cardiovascular surgeon and are very complex procedures. Likewise, an important requisite to perform any surgery is a previous evaluation by a cardiologist to discard cardiac diseases which may be aggravated by the anesthesia or the procedure that will be performed, which is also called cardiology surgery consultation.
WHAT MUST I EXPECT AFTER A CARDIOLOGY CONSULTATION?
The result of a cardiology consultation will vary from a patient to another. Usually, patients who undergo a routine checkup only need to modify their lifestyle, lose weight, exercise regularly and have a healthy diet.
However, those patients who are referred by a general physician because he/she suspects a heart disease may need a more aggressive treatment.
HOW MUCH DOES A CARDIOLOGY CONSULTATION COST?
The cost of a cardiology consultation will widely vary according to the urgency of the consultation, the patient's general health condition, the number of consults needed, the treatment that the patient will need for his/her condition, if the consultation is before a surgery or just a checkup, among others. Likewise, the cost of a cardiology consultation can vary between cities and countries.
So, if you need to visit a cardiologist and need to know the cost of his/her consultations or want to find the best cardiologist is certain country, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org and we will gladly answer all your questions.